Birth Injury Claims: Seeking Compensation and Justice for Birth-Related Injuries

In the wake of a birth injury or fatal accident, families are left grappling with emotional and financial burdens. Understanding the intricacies of fatal accident claims, and how to ensure the best chance of receiving appropriate compensation, is crucial during these trying times.

Explore the legal processes and avenues available to families seeking compensation with OH Parsons.

Medical Negligence Examples

We are Proud to Be Associated With
The Following Organisations:

Birth Injury Claims: What Are They?

Birth injury claims are legal actions made by parents or guardians when a baby (or mother) sustains an injury before, during or after the process of childbirth (i.e., during pregnancy, labour, or delivery). If the injury or damage is due to the negligence of medical professionals, legal action is usually pursued.

Birth injury claims aim to seek compensation for the physical, emotional, and financial hardships that may arise from these injuries.

Understanding The Impact of Birth-Related Injuries

Birth-related injuries can have far-reaching consequences, affecting not only the child but also their entire family. The emotional distress, financial burden, and the challenges of caring for a child with special needs can be overwhelming.

Understanding the potential impact of these injuries is crucial in pursuing just compensation. For example, birth injuries may necessitate ongoing medical treatment, therapy, and adaptive equipment.

Types of Birth-Related Injuries

Birth-related injuries encompass a wide range of conditions and complications that can occur before, during, or after childbirth. These injuries can result from medical malpractice, negligence, or failure to adhere to established standards of care.

When it comes to the different kinds of birth injuries for which a child or parent can claim compensation, these can include:

  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Erb’s Palsy
  • Severe brain damage
  • Cephalohematoma
  • Infection
  • Fractures / broken bones
  • Lack of oxygen
  • Brachial plexus injuries
  • Death of the mother
  • Damage to the mother gynaecologically
  • Problems for future childbirth or pregnancy for the mother
  • Stillbirth or neonatal death

Understanding the Role of Medical Negligence

Medical negligence forms the crux of birth injury claims. It refers to a breach of the standard of care that a healthcare professional owes to their patient.

In the context of childbirth, it pertains to any act or omission by a healthcare provider that deviates from accepted medical standards, resulting in harm to the child or mother.

Identifying Medical Negligence in Birth Injuries

Identifying medical negligence in birth injuries requires a comprehensive review of the circumstances surrounding the delivery. This includes a careful examination of medical records, expert testimonies, and consultations with experienced healthcare professionals. By scrutinising the actions and decisions made by the medical team, it becomes possible to determine if negligence played a role in the injury.

Proving Negligence and Its Impact

Proving medical negligence is a critical aspect of a birth injury claim. This involves demonstrating that the healthcare provider failed to adhere to the established standard of care, and that this failure directly led to the birth injury.

Expert testimonies from qualified medical professionals often play a crucial role in establishing negligence.

The impact of negligence on the child and their family cannot be understated. It can lead to a range of physical, cognitive, and developmental challenges that may necessitate lifelong care and support. Additionally, the emotional and financial toll on the family can be substantial.

Benefits of Pursuing a Birth Injury Claim

Embarking on a birth injury claim is not only a legal right, but a pivotal step towards securing the future well-being of your child. Other key benefits include:

Potential Compensation and Justice for Families

Birth injury claims seek to provide families with the financial resources necessary to support their child’s ongoing care, treatment, and development. Pursuing a claim can offer a sense of justice, holding those responsible for the negligence accountable.

Improving Healthcare Standards in Obstetrics

By bringing attention to cases of birth-related injuries, families play a crucial role in driving improvements in obstetric care. Their actions can lead to enhanced protocols, training, and overall standards within the healthcare system, potentially preventing future incidents.

Birth Injury Lawsuits: What to Expect

Engaging in a birth injury lawsuit is a significant step towards seeking justice and support for the child and their family. It’s essential to understand that this legal process involves several stages, from gathering evidence to presenting the case in court if necessary. Throughout the process, the focus remains on demonstrating negligence and advocating for fair compensation. 

Key Steps in a Birth Injury Claim

Embarking on a birth injury claim requires a structured, informed approach – as well as support from a professional legal team. These key steps are fundamental in navigating the process:

Choosing a Birth Injury Attorney or Lawyer

Selecting a lawyer with expertise in birth injury claims and medical negligence is paramount. A specialised lawyer can provide invaluable guidance, ensuring that your case is handled with the utmost care and attention to detail.

Gathering Evidence and Case Details

Compiling comprehensive evidence is crucial to building a strong birth injury claim. This includes medical records, expert testimonies, and any relevant documents that can support your case. Detailed case information will be essential in determining liability and assessing potential damages.

Initiating Legal Proceedings

Once the necessary evidence is gathered, your lawyer will initiate legal proceedings on your behalf. This involves filing a lawsuit against the responsible parties, such as healthcare providers or institutions, and formally commencing the legal process.

Navigating Negotiations or Trial

Depending on the circumstances of your case, negotiations with the opposing party may take place to reach a settlement. If an agreement cannot be reached, the case may proceed to trial, where a court will make a determination based on the presented evidence.

Reaching a Resolution

The culmination of a birth injury claim results in either a negotiated settlement or a court-ordered judgement. This resolution aims to provide the necessary compensation to support your child’s ongoing needs and secure their future.

Settlement vs. Trial Proceedings

Birth injury claims can be resolved through either a settlement or a trial.

  • In a settlement, the parties involved negotiate an agreement outside of court, often resulting in a quicker resolution.
  • A trial involves presenting the case before a judge, who will then determine the outcome.

The decision to pursue a settlement or proceed to trial depends on various factors, including the strength of the case and the preferences of the affected parties.

Calculating Compensation for Birth Injury Claims

Calculating compensation for birth injury claims requires a meticulous assessment of the damages incurred. With this in mind, the amount of money received as compensation is unique to each case.

Some common economic / non-economic factors include:

  • The severity of the injury caused
  • The time taken for recovery
  • The amount of care your child needs
  • Costs for medical treatment, care support, rehabilitation, home adaptations, and travel costs related to the treatment
  • The time you take off from work / salary losses due to child’s treatment

The Role of Evidence in Birth Injury Claims

In birth injury claims, the strength of the case hinges on the availability and quality of evidence. This evidence serves as the foundation upon which the claim is built, substantiating the allegations of negligence and demonstrating the resulting impact on the child and their family.

Gathering and Presenting Evidence in Birth Injury Cases

Comprehensive evidence in birth injury cases can encompass a wide range of documents and testimonies. This may include:
  • Medical records
  • Prenatal care notes
  • Labour and delivery records
  • Expert medical opinions
  • Accounts from eyewitnesses

The process involves meticulous review, analysis, and organisation of this evidence to construct a compelling narrative. Expert witnesses play a crucial role in presenting evidence. These specialists provide professional opinions on the standard of care, the presence of negligence, and the extent of the child’s injuries. Their testimonies serve to reinforce the case, offering authoritative perspectives that can significantly influence the outcome.

The Role of Personal Injury Lawyers

In birth injury claims, personal injury lawyers play a crucial role in guiding families through the legal process. They possess the expertise to navigate complex medical records, collaborate with expert witnesses, and build a compelling case. Additionally, they provide invaluable support and advocacy, ensuring that the best interests of the child and their family remain at the forefront.

Expert Advice on Efficiently Managing Birth Injury Claims

Efficiently managing a birth injury claim requires a strategic approach and a deep understanding of the legal intricacies involved.

Seeking advice from experts who specialise in birth injury claims can provide families with the clarity and guidance needed to navigate this complex process. These professionals offer tailored strategies to ensure that the case is handled with the utmost care and precision.

The Impact of Birth Injury Claims on Healthcare Standards

Birth injury claims play a vital role in upholding and improving healthcare standards in obstetrics. By holding healthcare providers accountable for their actions or inactions, these claims contribute to a culture of accountability and diligence in maternal and neonatal care. The prospect of facing legal consequences for negligence serves as a powerful incentive for medical professionals and institutions to maintain the highest standards of care.

Birth injury claims can also lead to procedural changes, additional training, and enhanced protocols in maternity units. This collective effort to prevent future incidents benefits both current and future generations of mothers and children.

Navigating the Birth Injury Claim Journey

Navigating a birth injury claim can be a complex and emotionally demanding process for families. It requires a deep understanding of medical intricacies, legal expertise, and a compassionate approach to the unique challenges they face.

This is why engaging a skilled and experienced legal team can provide invaluable support and guidance, allowing families to focus on their child’s well-being while pursuing the justice and compensation they deserve.

Call us for a free initial consultation

More About Birth Injury Claims

Selecting the right birth injury lawyer is a pivotal decision for families navigating the complexities of a birth injury claim. It’s essential to seek a lawyer or legal team with a proven track record in handling similar cases, as well as a deep understanding of the medical intricacies involved.

A skilled birth injury lawyer will possess the expertise to assess medical records, collaborate effectively with expert witnesses, and construct a compelling case. They should also demonstrate genuine empathy and a commitment to the well-being of the child and their family. This combination of legal proficiency and compassionate advocacy is paramount in securing a favourable outcome.

In birth injury claims, the weight of evidence often rests on expert medical testimonies. These professionals, often specialists in relevant fields, provide critical insights into the standard of care, potential negligence, and the resulting impact on the child’s life. Their testimonies serve to bolster the case, offering an authoritative perspective that can significantly influence the outcome.

Expert witnesses may include neonatologists, paediatric neurologists, obstetricians, and other specialists who can provide a comprehensive evaluation of the medical care provided during pregnancy, labour, and delivery.

Birth injuries can lead to a range of damages that may warrant compensation.

  • Economic damages encompass quantifiable costs, such as medical bills, therapy expenses, and educational support.
  • Non-economic damages, on the other hand, cover intangible losses like emotional distress and diminished quality of life.

It’s crucial to work with experienced lawyers who can accurately evaluate and advocate for the full scope of damages.

Understanding the statute of limitations is crucial in birth injury claims. This legal time frame sets a limit on the period during which a claim can be filed.

The statute of limitations varies by jurisdiction, and can be influenced by factors such as when the injury was discovered or when the child reaches a certain age. Typically though, you will have 3 years from the injury date to pursue a claim. It’s imperative to consult with a knowledgeable lawyer to ensure compliance with these time limits.

Cerebral palsy is a well-known birth-related condition that can result from complications during childbirth. It is a neurological disorder that affects a person’s movement, muscle tone, and posture.

It’s important to note that there are other conditions such as Erb’s palsy, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), and developmental delays that may be linked to birth-related injuries. Understanding these conditions and their causes is vital in birth injury claims.

Lengtsi Curran


Chris Lewis of OH Parsons has been nothing but Professional, Courteous, Knowledgeable and PATIENT. Navigating me throughout these 4 1/2 years with prompts and good advise to a final successful conclusion.
My sincere gratitude and thanks to all involved. Would highly recommend.

Client Success Stories

We’re proud of the positive outcomes we have achieved for our clients, and their feedback speaks to our commitment to securing the maximum compensation for their injuries. 

We have successfully represented numerous clients in their claims for injuries compensation, particularly those involving serious injuries such as whiplash and spinal cord injuries. Read some of our client success stories to see how we have made a difference in the lives of those we have represented.

Man Awarded £508,000 Compensation For Injury At Work


The judge found that the claimant’s work had made a material contribution to his injury and that if it wasn’t for the injury the claimant would have continued to do this job until the age of 67 and was awarded over £508,000. 

£4.15m Settlement For Man Blinded At Work


This case settled at JSM for £4.15m, net of any deduction for alleged contributory negligence. Whilst not formally sub-divided, the award is broadly commensurate with care and assistance of over £2m, general damages of £335k, loss of earnings of £450k, accommodation of £350k, travel/transport expenses of over £200k, case management of £350k and equipment of £200k, plus lesser heads of loss. 

Airport Worker Awarded £150,000 Compensation for Personal Injury


We succeeded in obtaining a gross settlement of £150,000 for our client to compensate him for his pain and suffering, as well as his past and future financial losses. 


Frequently Asked Questions About Birth Injury Claims

Birth injuries can be caused in a number of ways, and in some cases, nobody is at fault. However, sometimes mistakes are made which should have been avoided. These mistakes can include:

  • Not identifying the distress signs in the baby, such as low blood sugar levels and abnormal heartbeat
  • Delayed delivery (too much time being allowed to pass before delivery was actually achieved)
  • Attempting to deliver the baby while the baby’s shoulder is stuck inside the mother
  • Excessive force being used by the attending medical and/or midwifery staff in undertaking the delivery
  • Inexperienced medical and midwifery staff undertaking the delivery
  • Failing to recognise the urgent need for delivery / failing to undertake a caesarean section
  • Undertaking a caesarean section when a vaginal delivery was a more appropriate and safer method of giving birth

The duration of a birth injury claim can vary widely depending on various factors, including the complexity of the case, the extent of the injuries, and the cooperation of involved parties.

Sometimes, it takes a number of years to investigate a claim, assess compensation required and progress the claim to achieve the right outcome – which ultimately has to be approved by a Judge as being in the best interests of the child.

One of the reasons why claims can take this length of time is that the accurate forecasting of the long term prognosis of a child can be extremely complex. Understanding things like future care requirements / accommodation requirements sometimes has to wait until a child reaches a certain key stage of life.

If parents suspect a birth injury, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention for the child. Documenting any unusual symptoms or signs of distress is also important. A skilled birth injury specialist can provide guidance on gathering evidence, understanding legal options, and taking appropriate steps to protect the child’s rights and ensure their well-being.

A birth-related injury refers to any harm suffered by a baby, or mother, during pregnancy, labour, or delivery. These injuries can have varying degrees of severity, ranging from minor to life-altering (including Cerebral Palsy, Erb’s Palsy and brain injuries).

These injuries can have a profound impact on the child’s development, necessitating specialised care, therapies, and support.

Birth injury claims play a crucial role in maintaining and enhancing standards of care in obstetrics. By holding healthcare providers accountable for negligent actions or omissions, these claims contribute to a culture of vigilance and accountability. The potential legal consequences serve as a powerful incentive for medical professionals and institutions to continually refine and improve their practices, ultimately leading to safer childbirth experiences for all.

Meet Our Medical Negligence Solicitors

At OH Parsons, our expert medical negligence solicitors take time to get to know the full extent of your case, minimising the impact of the claims process on you and your family. We understand that you may be anxious about starting a legal claim, so we investigate cases thoroughly, involving the best experts and barristers, to maximise the chances of success and to give you peace of mind.

About OH Parsons

At OH Parsons, we are committed to achieving the best outcome for your birth injury compensation claim. As top solicitors, we will take care in understanding your case and obtaining the best possible outcome.

Contact OH Parsons

For personalised advice and support in your birth injury claim, reach out to our expert solicitors at OH Parsons. We’re here to advocate for your rights and help you obtain the compensation you deserve.

Ready to Win Your Case?

Start by taking the first positive step and choosing OH Parsons, the leading UK law firm dedicated to ensuring your success.